The SCOPED process provides a structure for FAST critical reflection in the face of a decision problem or opportunity.

FAST critical reflection involves Formulating and Analyzing issues, Synthesizing insights, and Translating the insights into action.

People making decisions can use SCOPED to analyze the Situation, Choices, Objectives, People, and Evaluation aspects of decision problems or opportunities. The product of the SCOPED process is a SCOPED note summarizing the elements of a decision.

Before SCOPED, the SLCT process can be used to formulate issues, and after, the S5 model can be used to synthesize insights.

Jeff Belkora conceived of FAST, SLCT, SCOPED and S5 based on years of work helping patients reflect critically with doctors and others about treatment decisions.